Banking and finance
Trainee solicitors in banking and finance will find opportunities in the existing and recovering market despite the downturn. Banking and finance lawyers are deal with the borrowing of money or the management of financial liabilities. Their task is to negotiate and document the contractual relationship between lenders and borrowers and ensure that their clients' best legal and commercial interests are reflected in the terms of loan agreements. It is a hugely technical, ever-evolving and jargon-heavy area of law.
Civil rights law aims to balance
competing interests between institutions of government on the one hand
and individuals or groups of individuals on the other. Lawyers in such
practice may work on cases involving discrimination and unfair
practices that infringe on rights and liberties such as expression,
employment, housing, education, or other entitlements.
Criminal law focuses on behaviors that are sanctioned under criminal
code and defined as illegal. Prosecutors and District Attorneys
sanction illegal behavior, while criminal defense lawyers represent
clients accused of criminal activity. Both prosecution and defense
professionals deal with issues of individual liberty, basic rights, and
responsibilities. In some Common Law countries other than the U.S., and
in most Civil Law countries, the roles of a prosecutor (or procurator)
and defense lawyer (or advocate) are separated more clearly into
different professional specialties.
Commercial law deals with the creation of new businesses and the issues
that arise as existing businesses interact with the public, other
companies, and the government. This area of the law draws on a variety
of legal disciplines, including tax law, intellectual property, real
estate, sales, employment law, bankruptcy, and others. Business law
attorneys specialize in transactional work, meaning they do not
represent clients in court. In fact, business lawyers are often hired
for the purpose of avoiding future litigation.
Competition law is law that promotes or seeks to maintain market competition by regulating anti-competitive conduct by companies. Competition law is implemented through Public and Private Enforcement. It has three main elements including, prohibiting agreements or practices that restrict free trading and competition between business, banning abusive behavior by a firm dominating a market, or anti-competitive practices that tend to lead to such a dominant position and finally supervising the mergers and acquisitions of large corporations.
Corporate and M&A
Corporate law is central to every modern economy, whether developed or
developing. Internationalization and globalization of economic activity
make corporate law and mergers and acquisitions issues central to the
practice of business law. Mergers and acquisitions (abbreviated
M&A) are dealing with the buying, selling, dividing and combining
of different companies and similar entities that can help an enterprise
grow rapidly in its sector or location of origin, or a new field or new
location, without creating a subsidiary, other child entity or using a
joint venture. Mergers and acquisitions activity can be defined as a
type of restructuring in that they result in some entity reorganization
with the aim to provide growth or positive value.
Corporate and regulatory investigations
Businesses today face an increasingly complex framework of established
and evolving legislation and civil, criminal and regulatory risk.
Regulators worldwide have stepped up their scrutiny of corporations’
domestic and overseas operations and business development efforts, with
an invigorated focus on bribery, kickbacks, anti-competitive behavior
and “pay-to-play” schemes involving governments.
Employment law is concerned with the relations between workers and
their employers on matters ranging from wages and compensation, through
harassment, to discrimination based on gender, disability, or age.
Labor law often involves collective bargaining and unions. Attorneys in
this field may represent individual clients, a union, a government
regulatory agency, or an employer.
Financial services regulation
The financial services industry is one of the most globally integrated,
sophisticated and highly regulated industries. At this issue it is
offered to the full range of regulatory, enforcement, litigation,
transactional and policy capabilities in order to comprehensively
address the myriad issues facing the sector. financial institutions
structure and expand operations to take advantage of new opportunities,
identify and shape emerging legislative and regulatory policies, and
develop compliance and internal investigation strategies, manage
relationships with financial regulators; assess legal, regulatory,
enforcement, and reputation risks; and resolve complex legal,
financial, operational and strategic issues all can be fit in this
Family law focuses on legal relations between individuals in the
context of the family. Lawyers in this field typically work in smaller
firms and specialize in a variety of areas ranging from child welfare,
through adoption, to divorce. Child abuse, legitimacy, civil unions,
domestic partnerships, and marriages are among the main aspects of
A hedge fund attorney holds a responsible position in the field of
investments. When a hedge fund is created and investors are found, it
is the attorney's job to ensure that it is meeting all of the legal
requirements by the board governing those transactions. This job
requires the lawyer to understand the rapidly changing regulations, to
review paperwork, to advise traders on the legality of specific actions
and to represent the investment firm in court. These various duties all
aim to keep the hedge fund legal and profitable for all parties
We represent a broad range of clients in the area of investment funds
and investment management. We represent offshore and domestic private
equity funds, hedge funds, real estate funds, mutual funds, investment
advisers, benefit plans, broker-dealers, depository institutions, and
other industry participants in a variety of strategic, regulatory,
compliance and enforcement matters. We regularly provide advice to both
private and registered funds on structural issues that dictate whether
investment funds should be established offshore, whether registration
will be required under Turkey securities laws, and whether investments
will be permitted for government-sponsored benefit plans or similar
IP (Intellectual Property)
Intellectual property law deals with the rules for securing and
enforcing legal rights to inventions, designs, and artistic works. Just
as the law protects ownership of personal property and real estate, so
too does it protect the exclusive control of intangible assets. The
purpose of these laws is to give an incentive for people to develop
creative works that benefit society, by ensuring they can profit from
their works without fear of misappropriation by others.
IT (Information Technology)
Information technology law provides the legal framework for collecting,
storing, and disseminating electronic information in the global
marketplace. Attorneys practicing in this area of the law represent
individuals and businesses from all different industries. They help
structure information technology transactions in a way that maximizes
the client’s economic benefit while ensuring regulatory compliance. A
great deal of emphasis is also placed on anticipating potential sources
of dispute between the parties to a transaction, and crafting
agreements that address these concerns, thereby reducing the risk of
Litigation and Dispute Resolution
Litigation law refers to the rules and practices involved in resolving
disputes in the court system. The term is often associated with tort
cases, but litigation can come about in all kinds of cases, from
contested divorces, to eviction proceedings.
Dispute Resolution is a term used to describe several different methods
of resolving legal disputes without going to court. The rising cost of
litigation is making traditional lawsuits impractical for many
individuals and businesses. If you are looking to cut short the
litigation process, ADR may be the answer. But regardless of the type
of ADR proceeding you are contemplating, you need independent legal
advice to protect your interests.
Maritime law regulates economic transactions and property disputes
involving marine trade, sailors, navigation, or land-based activity
that is maritime in nature. Maritime or Admiralty Law is not, however,
synonymous with the Law of the Sea, which is in the realm of
international public law and deals with rights to navigation, minerals,
or coastal waters jurisdiction.
Private Client lawyers act, as the name suggests, for private
individuals on a wide range of legal matters: ranging from wealth
management and preservation to wills, trusts, and probate. This field
has become an increasingly important area of practice as individuals
seek to preserve, grow and ultimately pass on their assets (money,
property, land etc) and in so doing minimize their tax liabilities.
A career as a private equity lawyer provides the opportunity to meet
new business people and gain exposure to different types of industries.
In other worlds, Private equity is a term commonly used to describe
money that has been pooled together for investment in companies.
Private equity transactions usually involve acquiring companies, buying
a portion of a company or selling a company.
Professional practices and Limited Liability Partnership
Limited Liability Partnership is an alternative business vehicle which
is a hybrid between a company and a conventional partnership. An LLP
may be formed by any business group with at least two or more persons,
consisting of, wholly or partly, individuals or bodies corporate,
associated for carrying on any lawful business with a view to make
profit. In other words, LLP is an entity that allows its members to
take an active role in the business of the partnership without exposing
them to personal liability for actions of other partners, except to the
extent of their investment in the LLP
Real Estate law involves land or construction ownership, development,
litigation, tenant rights, or landlord disputes. Attorneys in this
field may work on residential or commercial transactions, review
contracts, or work in planning and other government offices
Restructuring and insolvency
Insolvency law governs the position of businesses and individuals who
are in financial difficulties and unable to repay their debts as they
become due. Such a situation may lead to insolvency proceedings, in
which legal action is taken against the insolvent entity and assets may
be liquidated to pay off outstanding debts. Before a company or
individual gets involved in insolvency proceedings, they will probably
be involved in a restructuring or an out-of-court arrangement with
creditors to work out alternative repayment schedules.
Tax law is a dynamic field that deals with domestic and international
transactions. Because of the frequent modifications to local, state,
and federal codes and the complexity of fiscal policy that guides these
changes, experts in tax law engage in continuous education at greater
rates than in many other fields of law. Apart from ensuring the
legality of the levies on economic transactions, tax lawyers help
clients reduce fiscal liabilities.